Wenker's Vineyard - Muscadine & Scuppernong Grapes

 

We have the following varieties of muscadine grapes:

  • Ison

  • Creek

  • Noble

  • Supreme

  • Black Beauty

We have the following varieties of scuppernong grapes:

  • Pam

  • Granny Val

  • Fry

  • Magnolia


Ison-Muscadine

Ison © - Black Self-fertile. 19% sugar, large clusters, dry scar, early to mid season. Best black pollinator.

 

Creek-Muscadine

Creek produces a small, purple berry that is higher in acid than most muscadine grape cultivars. Berries have a low % dry stem scar. Vine vigor and yield are moderately high and ripening season is late. Color stability for juice or wine has not been tested to our knowledge.
 

Noble-Muscadine

Black; fruit are small in size, very large clusters, very high yields, ripen mid season with a wet stem scar. Plants are moderately vigorous with good disease resistance; however it is susceptible to powdery mildew. Noble is easily juiced making it a great choice for wine or juice. Sugar Content 15%-16%. Uses: Wine, Juice, and Jelly.
 

Supreme-Muscadine

Supreme © - Black Female. Best of the black muscadines. It is the largest muscadine developed at this time. Very heavy producer. 22 1/2 % sugar. Ripens mid-late season, very vigorous, skin edible, large clusters disease resistant, dry scar.

Black Beauty-Muscadine

Black Beauty © - Black Female. 23% sugar. Dry scar, large fruit, skin edible, ripens uniformly, large clusters, very vigorous, one of the best black varieties. Ripens mid to late season.

Pam-Scuppernong

Pam © - Bronze Female. 21% sugar. Pam has the largest clusters of grapes in production. It is the heaviest producing female of all varieties. Dry scar. Ripens early to mid-season. Very vigorous. Skin edible. Disease resistant.

 

Granny Val-Scuppernong

Bronze Self-fertile. 18% sugar, high yield, excellent quality. Ripens mid to late season. Very heavy producer. Heaviest producing variety of muscadine.

Fry-Scuppernong

Bronze Self-fertile. 20% sugar. You asked for a late variety, we now have it. Much improved over Granny Val. Very large clusters, good quality, ripens late. Very vigorous and very high yields.

 

Magnolia-Scuppernong

Bronze (White); fruit are medium to large in size, cluster, good flavor, and excellent yields. Plants are very vigorous, cold hardy, and disease resistant. Sugar Content 16%-17%. Uses: Wine, Home, Commercial, Juice and Jelly.

Benefits of Muscadine Grapes


"Resveratrol is produced by many plants, apparently due to its antifungal properties. It is found in widely varying amounts in grapes (primarily the skins). Ordinary non-muscadine red wine contains between 0.2 and 5.8 mg/L, depending on the grape variety, while white wine has much less - the reason being that red wine is fermented with the skins, allowing the wine to absorb the resveratrol, whereas white wine is fermented after the skin has been removed. Wines produced from muscadine grapes, both red and white, may contain more than 40 mg/L.

In grapes, resveratrol is found primarily in the skin and seeds. This is particularly true for muscadine grapes, whose skin and seeds have been reported to have about one hundred times the concentration as the pulp. The amount found in grape skins also varies with the grape cultivar, its geographic origin, and exposure to fungal infection. The amount of fermentation time a wine spends in contact with grape skins is an important determinant of its resveratrol content. According to "Le Blanc et al., 2006", muscadine table wines contain between 9 and 32 mg/L of cis resveratrol and between 5 and 13 mg/L trans resveratrol.

Several studies have detected substantial amounts of resveratrol in Muscadine berries and seeds. Concentrations for the berries without seeds have been reported to range from 3 to 24 ppm (parts per million) in dried samples. Containing an average of 43 ppm, the high seed concentration of resveratrol could be significant during muscadine wine making when the fermenting wine is in contact with seeds. Muscadine pomace, the solids left after pressing, contained 18 to 84 ppm in dried samples. A purée made from the pomace with the seeds removed contained 10 to 62 ppm. Muscadine wine was reported to have from 0.7 to 2 mg/L resveratrol for red wines and 0.3 to 1 mg/L resveratrol for white wine. For juices, resveratrol was found in concentrations ranging from 3 to 13 mg/L. While initial reports have indicated that muscadine grapes could contain high concentrations of resveratrol, subsequent studies have found no or little resveratrol in different varieties of muscadine grapes."

"The antioxidants in Muscadine grapes have shown anti cancer properties in laboratory studies."

"The phenolic compounds found in Muscadine grapes may slow the growth of some forms of cancer cells, including breast cancer and prostrate cancer."
(University of Crete. Greece Om the June 2000 issue of Journal of Cellular Biochemistry.)

"French scientists have also found evidence that an antioxidant present in the grape, resveratrol, can put the brakes on the growth of liver cancer cells." (Reported in the July-August 2000 issue of Oncology Reports.)

(Sources:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitis_rotundifolia http://www.the-natural-healing-way.com/muscadine-grapes.html )

We will crush and/or press the muscadines and scuppernongs for our U-Pick customers as a courtesy.
 

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